GLOSSARY

Canadian Financial, Real Estate and Mortgage Glossary

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Liquidation


Synonyms:cash out, convert to cash, disbursement, sell off, settlement
Filed Under: financial-banking, real-estate
Tags: banking, realty
 

Definition of liquidation

liquidation
1. To convert (assets) into cash.
2. Sale of a debtor's property, assets, and liabilities with the proceeds to be used for the benefit of creditors.
3. In business, the process where some or all of a company's assets are sold or redistributed to pay off debts or compensate shareholders when the company goes out of business or wishes to sell a part of their business. Liquidation can be either compulsory, where a creditor forces a company to liquidate its assets to repay debts (also known as a "creditor's liquidation"), or voluntary, where shareholders agree to liquidate the assets in order to raise capital or to cause the dissolution of the business (also known as a "shareholders' liquidation").

Related Terms and Acronyms:

  • bankruptcy (BK)   A court action under the Federal Bankruptcy Code by which a debtor's debts may be discharged, usually by transferring assets to a trustee, or rescheduled.
  • capital gain (CG)   The profit made by the seller when real estate or other capital assets are sold. Capital gains are taxed more favourably than earned income. However, this can be dependent on your tax bracket and the length of time you owned the asset before it was sold. You could pay approximately one-third to one-half less tax than you would pay on the same amount of earned salary.
  • division of property   The dividing of marital assets during a divorce.
  • non-dischargeable debt   Debt that cannot be eliminated in bankruptcy such as Federal taxes.
  • non-liquid asset   A possession that can't be transformed readily into cash. Stocks and bonds are liquid assets because they can be sold easily; a house is a non-liquid asset because it takes time to sell.
  • probate sale   Sale of property after the death of the owner, supervised by a court, with proceeds divided among creditors and heirs.
  • protected cell company (SPC)   A company that separates its assets and liabilities into a number of 'cells' to shield itself and each 'cell' from losses.
  • receivership   A form of bankruptcy where a person is appointed to take control of a company and is responsible for recouping unpaid debts.
  • settlement statement   A document that details who has paid how much to whom.
  • solvency   To be able to meet one's financial liabilities in the short or long term.

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